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Chinese president offers proposals to enhance global nuclear security, meets German chancellor

WASHINGTON, April 14 (Xinhua) -- Chinese President Hu Jintao Tuesday delivered a speech at a nuclear security summit in Washington, offering five proposals to boost global nuclear security.

Hu also held talks with German Chancellor Angela Merkel on the sidelines of the summit, which wound up late Tuesday.

In his speech made at the summit, President Hu called for concerted action by all countries to enhance nuclear security while stressing the need to properly address the challenge.

Hu said "The potential threat of nuclear terrorism cannot be neglected and the risk of nuclear material diversion and illicit trafficking is on the rise."

Hu put forward five proposals on ways to strengthen nuclear security in the world.

First, Hu said, all countries need to honor their commitments and responsibilities by adopting effective measures to secure nuclear materials and facilities.

Second, the Chinese top leader said, all countries should consolidate the existing international legal framework on nuclear security, which consists of the Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material and International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism, He said.

Third, Hu said, all countries should strengthen international cooperation by sharing experience, exchanging information and cooperating on law enforcement.

Fourth, the Chinese president said, there is a need to help developing countries enhance their nuclear security capacity. Therefore he called for the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and the developed countries to offer greater assistance to developing countries in that respect.

Finally, Hu said, all countries should properly handle the relationship between nuclear security and the peaceful use of nuclear energy.

During a telephone conversation with U.S. President Barack Obama on April 2, Chinese President Hu said China attaches great importance to the issue of nuclear security, opposing nuclear proliferation and nuclear terrorism and supporting international efforts to enhance cooperation on nuclear security.

China is ready to work closely with the United States and other sides concerned to make sure that the summit is successful and fruitful, Hu said.

As a major power of nuclear energy development, China has taken a series of effective steps to ensure nuclear security and established relatively comprehensive nuclear security and safety regulations and monitoring systems.

China has played an active role in the development of related international conventions on nuclear security and maintained close exchanges and cooperation with the IAEA and other countries.

The two-day summit focuses on the international threat of nuclear terrorism and illicit trafficking of nuclear materials. Participants included heads of state, government leaders and representatives from 47 countries and heads of international organizations.

At their meeting Tuesday, President Hu and Merkel agreed to further the ties of the two countries.

Hu said China-Germany relations are developing soundly, and leaders of the two countries have maintained close contact.

China and Germany enjoy good opportunities to move forward their ties under the current complex and changeable international circumstances, said Hu. China is willing to join hands with Germany to raise bilateral ties to a new high, he added.

He said China welcomes German President Horst Kohler's visit to China in May and his attendance of the Shanghai World Expo.

The two countries have vigorously cooperated in the fields of economics and trade, culture, education, science and technology and justice, and enhanced communication and coordination on regional and international issues.

As to climate change, Hu emphasized the issue concerns the world's sustainable growth and the well-being of the peoples of different countries, so it requires joint response from the international community.

The Chinese president said the results of the Copenhagen climate change conference were hard-won, and developed countries should honor their promises to provide fund and transfer technology to developing countries.

He said China is willing to maintain communication and coordination with Germany to push for new progress in international cooperation on climate change and positive results at the Mexico climate change conference due at the end of this year.

Merkel said Germany-China ties are developing well, with President Kohler's upcoming visit to China and participation in the Shanghai World Expo being a good example.

Despite the impact of the international financial crisis, trade between Germany and China has maintained growth, she said.

Germany will host a ministerial meeting on climate change in May and expects to cooperate with China closely to secure the success of the Mexico conference.

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